赢8娱乐糖果配对游戏-官方网站[welcome]


+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The Effectiveness of Smoking Prevention Module Towards Knowledge and Smoking Refusal Skills among Adolescents in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia



The Effectiveness of Smoking Prevention Module Towards Knowledge and Smoking Refusal Skills among Adolescents in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia



Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 20(11): 3353-3359



To study the effectiveness of the smoking prevention module towards knowledge on smoking and its harmful effects and smoking refusal skills among secondary school students in Kelantan, Malaysia. A quasi experimental interventional study involving 166 non-smokers adolescents, aged 13 to 14 years old were carried out in two schools located in two different suburbs. Both schools had equal number of participants. One school was given the smoking prevention module for intervention while the control school only received the module after the study had been completed. The knowledge on smoking and its harmful effects and smoking refusal skill score were assessed using a set of validated Malay questionnaires at baseline, two weeks and eight weeks after the intervention. Repeated measure ANCOVA was used to analyse the mean score difference of both groups at baseline and after intervention. Baseline analysis shows no significant difference in knowledge score between the study groups (p = 0.713) while post intervention, it shows significant inclination of knowledge score in intervention group and the difference was significant after controlling the gender [F(df) = 15.96(1.5), p <0.001]. The mean baseline for refusal skills score in the control and intervention groups were 30.89(6.164) and 28.02(6.241) respectively (p= 0.003). Post intervention, there is a significant difference in the crude mean and the estimated marginal means for smoking refusal skills score between the two groups after controlling for sex [F(df) = 5.66(1.8), p = 0.005]. This smoking prevention module increased the level of knowledge on smoking and its harmful effects and smoking refusal skill among the secondary school students. Thus, it is advocated to be used as one of the standard modules to improve the current method of teaching in delivering knowledge related to harmful effects of smoking and smoking refusal skill to the adolescents in Malaysia.
.


Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 069546228

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 31759359


Related references

Family influence on current smoking habits among secondary school children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Singapore Medical Journal 41(4): 167-171, 2000

Prevalence and factors associated with smoking intentions among non-smoking and smoking adolescents in Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 15(10): 4359-4366, 2014

A Survey on The Knowledge, Attitude and Confidence Level of Adult Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Among Junior Doctors in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia and Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Medical Journal of Malaysia 66(1): 56-59, 2011

Translating knowledge to attitude: a survey on the perception of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation among dental students in Universiti Sains Malaysia and school teachers in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Medical Journal of Malaysia 64(3): 205-209, 2009

Refusal self efficacy, self esteem, smoking refusal skills and water pipe (Hookah) smoking among iranian male adolescents. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 14(12): 7283-7288, 2013

Strongyloides stercoralis in common vegetables and herbs in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 28(1): 188-193, 2011

Prevalence and factors associated with stress among secondary school teachers in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 40(6): 1359-1370, 2009

A review of dengue fever incidence in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia during the years 1998-2003. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 36(5): 1179-1186, 2006

The association of shift work and hypertension among male factory workers in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 39(1): 176-183, 2008

A simple method for analysing daily rainfall data a case study for kota bharu kelantan malaysia. Pertanika 11(1): 101-106, 1988

15th Scientific Meeting of the Malaysian Society of Pharmacology and Physiology, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia, May 8-9, 2000. Asia Pacific Journal of Pharmacology 15(Suppl. 1): S1-S34, 2001

Proceedings of the 15th Scientific Meeting of the Malaysian Society of Pharmacology and Physiology, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia, 8-9 May, 2000. Asia Pacific Journal of Pharmacology 15(Suppl. 1): iv + S1-S34, 2001

Nutrient Intakes Status and Physical Inactivity among Overweight and Obese School Children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Iranian Journal of Public Health 47(8): 1098-1107, 2018

Prevalence of refractive error in malay primary school children in suburban area of Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore 37(11): 940-946, 2008

Reliability and construct validity of the Malay version of the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) among secondary school teachers in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 37(6): 1254-1259, 2006





赢8娱乐糖果配对游戏