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Development and application of a combined molecular and tissue culture-based approach to detect latent infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) in chickens

Development and application of a combined molecular and tissue culture-based approach to detect latent infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) in chickens

Journal of Virological Methods 2019: 113797

Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) causes severe respiratory disease in chickens. ILTV can establish latency and reactivate later in life, but there have been few investigations of ILTV latency. This study aimed to contribute to the methodologies available to detect latent ILTV. A nested PCR was developed which was more sensitive than three other molecular methods investigated in this study. This nested PCR was then used in conjunction with in vitro reactivation culture methods that were optimized and applied to trigeminal ganglia (TG) and tracheal samples from ILTV-vaccinated commercial layer birds (n?=?30). ILTV DNA was detected by nested PCR in the upper respiratory tract (URT) or eye of 22 birds. Of the remaining 8 birds, ILTV could be detected by co-culture in TG of 5 birds, with reactivated virus mostly detected 6 days post-explant (dpe). ILTV was also detected in tracheal cultures by 6 dpe. In the ILTV-positive URT samples, the virus could be characterised as vaccine strains SA2 (n?=?9) or A20 (n?=?5). This study provides evidence for reactivation and shedding of vaccine ILTV in commercial layer birds. Moreover, this study produced a molecular and in-vitro culture method to detect latent viral infection.

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Accession: 069600974

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PMID: 31821819

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